33. Al-Ahzab (The Coalitions)

Medinan, 73 verses

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

  1. Prophet, be cautious of God and do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Indeed God is knowledgeable and wise.

  2. And follow what is revealed to you from your Lord. Indeed God is well informed of what you do.

  3. And put your trust in God, and God is enough as an advocate.

  4. God did not give any man two hearts inside of him, and He did not make your wives, those you divorce by declaring them as your mother’s back, your mothers. And He did not make your adopted sons, your sons. That is only your saying by your mouths, but God speaks the truth and He guides to the (right) way.

  5. Call them by their fathers’ (names), it is more just before God. And if you do not know their fathers, then they are your brothers in the religion and your friends. And there is no blame on you about what you made a mistake in it (unintentionally or being unaware) but (you are responsible) for what your hearts intended (and you did intentionally). God is forgiving and kind.

  6. The prophet is more entitled to the believers than themselves, and his wives are (like) their mothers. And in God’s book, blood relatives (and close relatives) are more entitled to (inherit from) each other than the believers and the migrants unless you (want to) do some good to your friends. This is written in the book.

  7. And (remember) when We took from the prophets their commitment, and from you and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus, son of Mary, and We took a firm commitment from them.

  8. So that He questions the truthful ones about their truthfulness, and He has prepared a painful punishment for the disbelievers.

  9. You who believe, remember God’s favor upon you when troops came to you (and attacked you), so We sent (strong) wind and troops against them that you did not see them. And God sees what you do.

  10. When they came to you (and attacked) from above you and from below you, and when the eyes turned aside (in fear) and the hearts reached up to the throats and you thought of God doubtfully.

  11. It was then that the believers were tested, and they were shaken, a strong shake.

  12. And (remember) when hypocrites and those who had a disease in their hearts said: “God and His messenger did not promise us except delusion.”

  13. And (remember) when a group of them said: “People of Yathreb (Medina), there is no place for you, so return.” And a part of them asked permission from the prophet, saying: “Our homes are unprotected (and defenseless)” while they were not unprotected, they only wanted to run away.

  14. And if they (the enemy) had entered upon them from its boroughs and they were asked for disloyalty, they would have certainly done it, and they would have only hesitated a little.

  15. And they had certainly promised God in the past that they would not turn their backs (and run away). And promise to God is questioned (and is a responsibility).

  16. Say: “Escape would never benefit you if you escape from death or killing (being killed), and even then you only enjoy for a little while.”

  17. Say: “Who is the one who will defend you against God if He wants harm for you or if He wants mercy for you?” And they will not find any protector and no helper for them besides God.

  18. Indeed God knows those holding the others back among you, and those saying to their brothers: “Come to us” while only a few of them come to the battle.

  19. Covetous (and stingy) toward you, and when fear comes, you see them looking at you rolling their eyes like someone who faints because of death, and when the fear goes away, they are going to slash you with the sharp tongues being covetous of the good (that comes to you). They do not believe, therefore God makes their works useless, and that is easy for God.

  20. They think that the (warring) parties did not go away, and if the (warring) parties come they wish they were nomads among the desert Arabs asking about your news, and if they were among you, they would have fought a little.

  21. There has certainly been a good example in God's messenger for you and for anyone who hopes for God and the Last Day and remembers God often.

  22. And when the believers saw the (warring) parties they said: “This is what God and His messenger promised us, and God and His messenger told the truth.” And it only increased their belief and their submission.

  23. There are men among the believers who were true to what they promised to God, and some of them fulfilled their vows (and died) and some of them are waiting, and they did not change (their promise) by any changes.

  24. So that God rewards the truthful for their truth, and punishes the hypocrites if He wants, or turns to them (in mercy). Indeed God is forgiving and merciful.

  25. And God turned back those who disbelieved with their rage, and they did not gain any good. And God spared the believers of the fight. God is strong and powerful.

  26. And God brought down those among the people of the book who supported them (the warring parties) from their fortresses, and He threw horror in their hearts, (so that) you kill part of them and you capture part of them.

  27. And He made you inherit their land and their houses and their possessions and a land that you have not yet set foot on it. And God is capable of everything.

  28. Prophet, tell your wives: “If you want this world’s life and its decoration (and luxuries), then come, I compensate you and I let you go free (so you may divorce), a nice leaving,

  29. and if you want God and His messenger and the home of the Hereafter, then indeed God has prepared a great reward for the good doers among you.”

  30. Wives of the prophet, anyone among you who commits an obvious indecency, the punishment is multiplied for her twofold. And that is easy for God.

  31. And anyone among you who is obedient to God and His messenger and does good, We give her twice her reward, and We have prepared a noble provision for her.

  32. Wives of the prophet, you are not like any of the women. If you are cautious (of God), then do not be soft in speech so the one who has disease in his heart does not desire (you), and speak in proper word (and manner).

  33. And stay in your houses and do not display your beauties like displaying in the old days of ignorance, and perform mandatory prayer and give to mandatory charity and obey God and His messenger. God only wants to remove the filth from you, the people of household (of the prophet), and to cleanse you, a total cleansing.

  34. And remember what is read to you in your houses from God’s signs/verses and wisdom. Indeed God is nice and well-informed.

  35. Indeed the submitted men and the submitted women, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obedient men and the obedient women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the persevering men and the persevering women, and the humble men and the humble women, and the charitable men and the charitable women, and the fasting men and the fasting women, and the men guarding their private parts and the women guarding (theirs), and the men remembering God often and the women remembering (Him often), God has prepared forgiveness and a great reward for them.

  36. It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, that when God and His messenger decided on a matter, to have a choice in their matter. And whoever disobeys God and His messenger has certainly erred, an obvious error.

  37. And (remember) when you said to the one whom God favored upon him and you favored upon him: “Keep your wife for yourself, and be cautious of God.” And you hid in yourself what God was to disclose it. And you feared people, while God is more deserving that you fear Him. So when Zaid finished with her (and divorced her), We married her to you so that there would be no difficulty for the believers about (marrying) wives of their adopted sons when they are finished with them (and have divorced them). And God’s command is to be done.

  38. There is no difficulty on the prophet about (doing) what God has mandated to him. This is God’s way about those who passed away in the past. And God’s command is a mandated destiny.

  39. Those who deliver God’s message and fear Him and do not fear anyone except God, (they know that) God is enough for reckoning.

  40. Muhammad is not father of any of your men, but (he is) God’s messenger and the seal (and the last) of the prophets. And God knows everything.

  41. You who believe, remember God, remembering often

  42. and glorify Him morning and afternoon.

  43. He is the One Who sends blessings to you and (so do) His angels to bring you out of the darkness to the light. And He is merciful to the believers.

  44. Their greeting on a day that they meet Him is: “Peace (and well-being).” And He has prepared a noble (and generous) reward for them.

  45. Prophet, We have sent you as a witness and a giver of good news and a warner,

  46. and a caller toward God by His permission, and as a shining lamp.

  47. And give good news to the believers that they will have a great bounty from God.

  48. And do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites and disregard their harassment and put your trust in God. God is enough as an advocate.

  49. You who believe, when you marry the believing women and then divorce them before you touch them, then they are not responsible for any waiting period for you that you count it, so compensate them and let them go free, a nice leaving.

  50. Prophet, We made lawful for you, your wives whom you gave them their compensations (marriage portions), and those whom your right hand owns (slaves) from what God has given you (as spoil), and daughters of your paternal uncles (your father’s brothers), and daughters of your paternal aunts (your father’s sisters), and daughters of your maternal uncles (your mother’s brothers), and daughters of your maternal aunts (your mother’s sisters) who migrated with you, and any believing woman who gives herself to the prophet (without asking for marriage portion) if the prophet wants to marry her, this (last group) is only for you and not the other believers. We also know what We mandated to them (the believers) regarding their wives and those whom their right hands own, so that there would be no difficulty (or blame) on you. And God is forgiving and merciful.

  51. You may put off any one of them (your wives) you want, and take to yourself anyone you want. And there is no blame on you to desire any one of those whom you set aside. That is more likely to delight their eyes and that they do not be sad and be pleased with what you give all of them. And God knows what is in your hearts. And God is knowledgeable and patient.

  52. Women are not lawful for you from now on, and neither is exchanging them for other wives, even though their beauty impresses you, except those your right hand owns. God is watchful over everything.

  53. You who believe, do not enter the prophet’s houses unless permission is given to you for a meal, without waiting for its preparation. But when you are invited then enter, and when you ate then disperse and do not look for staying for a conversation. Indeed that is annoying the prophet, but he is shy about (asking) you (to leave), but God is not shy about the truth. And when you ask them (prophet’s wives) for anything, ask them from behind a curtain (or a partition). That is purer for your hearts and their hearts. And it is not for you to annoy God’s messenger, and do not ever marry his wives after him, indeed that is awful in God's sight.

  54. If you disclose anything or hide it, indeed God is knowledgeable about everything.

  55. There is no blame on them about (not covering themselves in the presence of) their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or their sisters’ sons or their women, or those whom their right hands own. And (you, wives of the prophet) be cautious of God, for God is witness over everything.

  56. God and His angels send blessings to the prophet. You who believe, send blessings to him and greet him, a (respectful) greeting (or sincerely pray for him).

  57. Indeed those who annoy God and His messenger, God curses them in this world and the Hereafter and He has prepared a humiliating punishment for them.

  58. And those who harass the believing men and the believing women for other than what they did, then they have carried (the guilt of) a false accusation and an obvious sin.

  59. Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and women of the believers to draw their outer garment over themselves. That is more likely that they are recognized and are not harassed. And God is forgiving and merciful.

  60. If the hypocrites and those who have a disease in their hearts and those who spread false rumors in the city do not stop, We shall provoke you against them, then they will only be your neighbors in there for a short while.

  61. They are cursed, and wherever they are found they are taken and they are killed,

  62. God’s way about those who passed away in the past. And you never find any change in God’s way.

  63. People ask you about the Hour, say: “Its knowledge is only with God.” And what do you know, the Hour may be near!

  64. Indeed God has cursed the disbelievers and has prepared a burning fire for them,

  65. remaining in there forever and ever, and they do not find any protector or any helper.

  66. In a day that their faces are turned over in the fire, they say: “We wish we had obeyed God and obeyed the messenger.”

  67. And they say: “Our Lord, we obeyed our leaders and our elders (and great ones), and they misled us from the (right) way.

  68. Our Lord, give them double the punishment and curse them, a great curse.”

  69. You who believe, do not be like those who harassed Moses, then God cleared him of what they said, and he is respected before God.

  70. You who believe, be cautious of God and say the right (and just) word,

  71. so that He corrects (and improves) your works for you, and to forgive your sins for you. And whoever obeys God and His messenger then he has achieved a great victory.

  72. Indeed We offered the trust to the skies and the earth and the mountains, but they refused to undertake it and they were afraid of it, but the human being undertook it. Indeed he is wrongdoer and ignorant.

  73. So that God will punish the hypocrite men and the hypocrite women, and the idolater men and the idolater women, and He will turn (in mercy) to the believing men and the believing women. And God is forgiving and merciful.