40. Ghafir, Mu’min (Forgiver, Believer)

Meccan, 85 verses

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

  1. H. M. (Ha. Mim.)

  2. Revelation of the book is from God, the powerful, the knowledgeable.

  3. Forgiver of sin, acceptor of repentance, severe in punishment, having superiority (and bounty), there is no god except Him, the final return is to Him.

  4. No one argues about God's signs except those who disbelieve, and their moving about the lands (and being successful) should not deceive you.

  5. Before them, people of Noah and other parties after them denied (their messengers), and every community intended to take (capture) their messenger, and they argued by (means of) falsehood to disprove the truth with it. So I took them (in punishment), and how was My punishment?

  6. And that is how your Lord's word was justified against those who disbelieved, that they are inhabitants of the fire.

  7. Those who carry the dominion and those around it glorify their Lord with praise, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believed (saying:) “Our Lord, Your mercy and knowledge include everything, so forgive those who repented and followed Your way and protect them from punishment of the hellfire,

  8. our Lord, admit them and anyone who did good among their fathers and their wives and their descendants into eternal gardens which you promised them, indeed You are the powerful, the wise,

  9. and protect them from badness, and whomever you protect from badness on that day, you have had mercy on him, and that is the great victory.”

  10. Indeed those who disbelieved are called out: “Certainly God’s hatred is greater than your hatred of yourselves (or one another), for you were called to believe and you disbelieved.”

  11. They say: “Our Lord, You made us die twice and You gave us life twice, and we confess our sins, so is there a way out (of punishment)?”

  12. (They are told:) “That is because you disbelieved when God alone was called, and you believed when partners were associated with Him, and the judgment (and the rule) belongs to God, the superior, the great.”

  13. He is the One Who shows you His signs and sends down provision for you from the sky, and none takes notice except someone who turns (to God).

  14. So call on God, being sincere (and devoted) to Him in the religion, even though the disbelievers dislike it.

  15. Raiser of the ranks (or highest of the ranks), Owner of the dominion, He sends the spirit by His command to any one of His servants He wants in order to warn (people) about the meeting day,

  16. a day when they come out, nothing about them is hidden from God. “To whom belongs the rule today?” To God, the One, the supreme (and dominant).

  17. Today every person is rewarded for what they did, no injustice today. Indeed God is quick in reckoning.

  18. And warn them of the upcoming day, when the hearts are at the throats, full of suppressed anger. There is no friend or mediator for the wrongdoers, who would be obeyed (and is listened to).

  19. He knows the secretive peeks (and the deceptive eyes) and what is hidden in the chests/minds.

  20. And God judges (and rules) with truth, and those they call on besides Him do not judge (or rule) anything. Indeed God hears all, sees all.

  21. Or have they not traveled on the earth to see what the end of those who were before them was? They were more powerful than them and had more effects (and more marks) on the land, but God took them for their sins and there was no protector (and defender) for them against God.

  22. That is because their messengers were bringing them clear evidences but they disbelieved, so God took them. Indeed He is strong, severe in punishment.

  23. And We certainly sent Moses with Our signs and clear power

  24. to Pharaoh and Haman and Qarun (Korah), but they said: “A lying magician.”

  25. So when he (Moses) brought them the truth from Us, they said: “Kill sons of those who believe with him and keep their women alive.” And the plot of the disbelievers is nothing but an error.

  26. And Pharaoh said: “Let me kill Moses and let him call on his Lord, indeed I am afraid that he changes your way of life (religion) or he causes the corruption to appear on the land.”

  27. And Moses said: “I seek protection of my Lord and your Lord from every arrogant one who does not believe in the reckoning day.”

  28. And a believing man from Pharaoh’s people who was hiding his belief said: “Do you kill a man because he says: “God is my Lord” and he has brought you clear evidences from your Lord? If he is a liar then his lie is against him, and if he is truthful then some of what he promises you will happen to you, indeed God does not guide an excessive liar.

  29. My people, today the rule is yours, prominent on the land, but who helps us against God's punishment if it comes to us?” Pharaoh said: “I only point out to you what I observe and I only guide you to the right way.”

  30. And the one who believed said: “My people, indeed I fear the same (outcome) for you as the day of the parties (of the past),

  31. like the case of Noah's people and Aad and Thamud and those after them, and God does not want any injustice for His servants.

  32. And my people, I am afraid for you of the day of calling one another,

  33. a day when you turn back fleeing, there is no defender for you against God, and whomever God misguides then he will have no guide.

  34. And certainly Joseph had come to you with clear evidences in the past, but you did not stop to be in doubt about what he brought you until he died, you said: “God would never send any messenger after him.” That is how God misguides anyone who is an excessive doubter,

  35. those who argue about God’s signs without any reason coming to them, it is greatly hateful in God's view and view of those who believe. That is how God puts a seal on the heart of every arrogant tyrant.”

  36. And Pharaoh said: “Haman, build me a palace so that I may reach the roads,

  37. roads of (access to) the skies, so that I may look at god of Moses, and I certainly think of him as a liar.” And that is how, for Pharaoh, his bad deed was beautified and he was kept from the (right) way. And Pharaoh’s plot was only a failure.

  38. And the one who believed said: “My people, follow me, I guide you to the right way.

  39. My people, this world's life is indeed an enjoyment, and the Hereafter is indeed the settlement home (and everlasting home).

  40. Whoever does a bad deed, then he is only punished equal to it, and whoever does good, whether male or female and is a believer then they enter the garden in which they have provision without any limit.

  41. And my people, what is with me that I call you to the salvation and you call me to the fire?

  42. You invite me to disbelieve in God and to associate (partners) with Him what I have no knowledge of, while I invite you to the powerful, the forgiver.

  43. No doubt that there is no calling (and no answer) in the world and in the Hereafter for what you call me to it, and that our return is to God, and indeed the excessive ones are inhabitants of the fire.

  44. You are going to remember what I say to you, and I entrust my affair to God. Indeed God sees His servants.”

  45. So God protected him from badness of what they plotted, and the bad punishment surrounded people of Pharaoh.

  46. The fire, they are presented to it morning and evening, and on a day that the Hour begins (it is said:) “Admit Pharaoh’s people into the most severe punishment.”

  47. And when they argue in the fire, then the weak say to those who were arrogant: “We were your followers, so would you turn away a portion of the fire from us?”

  48. Those who were arrogant say: “We are all in it, God has judged between His servants.”

  49. And those who are in the fire say to the guards of hell: “Call on your Lord to reduce our punishment by a day.”

  50. They (the guards) say: “Didn't your messengers bring you clear evidences?” They say: “Yes.” They (the guards) say: “Then call, but the call (prayer) of disbelievers is only an error (and is useless).

  51. We certainly help Our messengers and those who believe, in this world's life and on the day that witnesses stand (to testify).

  52. A day when the wrongdoers would not benefit from their apology and the curse would be theirs and the bad home would be theirs.

  53. And We had certainly given Moses the guidance (the Torah) and We made children of Israel inherit the book,

  54. a guide and a reminder for people of understanding (reasonable people).

  55. So persevere (and be patient), indeed God’s promise is true, and ask forgiveness for your sin, and glorify your Lord with praise in the evening and early morning.

  56. Indeed those who argue about God's signs without any reason coming to them, there is nothing in their chests/minds except (desire for) greatness that they will not reach. So seek God’s protection as indeed He hears all, sees all.

  57. The creation of the skies and the earth is certainly greater than creation of people, but most people do not know.

  58. The blinds and those who see are not equal, and neither are those who believe and do good and bad doers. You take a little notice.

  59. The Hour is certainly coming, there is no doubt in it but most people do not believe.

  60. And your Lord says: “Call on Me, I will respond to you, indeed those who are arrogant about serving Me are going to enter hell in humiliation.”

  61. God is the One Who made the night for you to rest in it and the day to see. God is indeed gracious to people, but most people are not thankful.

  62. That is God your Lord, creator of everything, there is no god except Him, so how do you deviate?

  63. That is how those who were rejecting God's signs deviated (from the truth).

  64. God is the One Who made the earth a habitat for you and the sky a structure (to shield you) and He shaped you, and made your shapes well and provided you with good things. That is God your Lord, so blessed is God, the Lord of humankind.

  65. He is the (forever) living, there is no god except Him, so call on Him being sincere (and devoted) to Him in religion. All praise belongs to God, the Lord of humankind.

  66. Say: “I am forbidden to serve those whom you call on besides God since clear evidences came to me from my Lord, and I am ordered to submit to the Lord of humankind.

  67. He is the One Who created you from dust, then from a fertilized egg (zygote), then from a (dangling, clinging, and leach like) blood clot, then He brings you out as a baby, then (He lets) you reach your full maturity (and strength), then you become old while some of you die before that, so that you reach a defined period, and that you may understand.

  68. He is the One Who gives life and causes death, and when He decides on a matter, then He just says for it: “Be” and it will be.

  69. Do you not see how those who argue about God's signs are turned away (from the truth)?

  70. Those who denied the book and what We sent Our messengers with it, they will know

  71. when the shackles and the chains are around their necks and they are dragged

  72. into the boiling water, then they are burned in the fire.

  73. Then it is said to them: “Where are what you were associating (as partners)

  74. besides God?” They will say: “They abandoned us. No, we were not used to call on anything in the past.” That is how God misguides the disbelievers.

  75. That is because you used to rejoice unjustifiably (and excessively) on the earth, and because you used to be self-conceited.

  76. Enter gates of hell, remaining in there forever. Accommodation of arrogant ones is certainly miserable.

  77. So persevere (and be patient), indeed God’s promise is true. And whether We show you some of what We promised them (the punishment) or We make you die (before that), they will be returned to Us.

  78. And We have certainly sent messengers before you. We told you the stories of some of them and We did not tell you the stories of some of them. And it is not (possible) for any messenger to bring a sign (or a miracle) except with God’s permission. So when God’s order comes, it will be judged with truth (and fairness), and the falsifiers will lose in there.

  79. God is the One Who made the livestock for you so that you ride some of them and you eat some of them,

  80. and there are (other) benefits in them for you, and for you to reach a need that is in your chests/minds (to ride) on them, and you are carried upon them and upon the ships.

  81. And He shows you His signs, so which (one) of God’s signs do you deny?

  82. Have they not traveled on the earth to see what the end of those before them was? They were more than them and were more powerful and had more effects (and more marks) on the land, and what they did was of no use to them.

  83. So when their messengers brought them clear evidences, they were happy with the knowledge they had, and what they were ridiculing surrounded them.

  84. So when they saw Our punishment, they said: “We believe in God, He is the One, and we disbelieve in what we used to associate with Him.”

  85. But their belief did not benefit them when they saw Our punishment, (this is) God’s way that has passed among His servants, and there the disbelievers (realize that they have) lost.